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It is for the most part mountainous, with many fruitful and well-watered valleys. [1][5], During the long centuries of Byzantine rule, Andros was relatively obscure. According to the latest Greek census of 2011, the town of Andros still numbered 1,665 inhabitants, and the island's total was 9,221. 1,948), and Ydrousa (pop. 3,901), Korthio (pop. The 1991 census read 8,781. At the same reform, the current municipality Andros was created out of the 3 former municipalities:[35]. If you look closely, the villages in the north still leave a hint of 'Albania' and the population, Arvanites, still speak Arvanitika, an Albanian dialect. [5][6], Andros was captured by the Fourth Crusade on its way to Constantinople in 1203. The Venetians responded by removing Francesco to Venice in 1507, and installing a governor of their own for the next seven years. Dubin, Marc / Griekse eilanden Van Reemst, Leistra, Machteld / De Griekse eilanden Gottmer/Becht, McGilchrist, Nigel / Greece : the Aegean Islands Somerset Books, Midgette, Anne / Griekse eilanden : Egeïsche Zee Het Spectrum CIA - World Factbook BBC - Country Profiles, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic. It has some of the largest settlements on Andros Island and many churches as well. Although the latter managed to escape with his life, Andros too now came under Ottoman control. In 2019 2020, the population of the city of Andros Town, Bahamas is - 2 318 people. Initially locally constructed, Andrian ships were later built at Syros, especially as shipping began the transit to steam. [26] Despite these disasters, the two Sommaripa possessions of Andros and Paros remained the most prosperous islands in the Cyclades in the period, and the Sommaripa rulers of Andros acted independently of their theoretical suzerain at Naxos, even to the point of claiming the title of duke for themselves. The ruins of Palaeopolis, the ancient capital, are on the west coast; the town possessed a famous temple, dedicated to Dionysus. [5] At this time, a famous heartfelt speech, or "ritoras" (ρήτορας), inspired shipowners and merchants to contribute funds to build a Greek Navy to combat the Ottomans. He eventually gave half of it, according to the feudal law current in Latin Greece, to Felisa. The Andros Barrier Reef is the world's sixth longest. The extensive flats of the Great Bahama Bank lie to the west, northwest and south of Andros. After compensating the Zeno family, he took possession of the island in 1440. South Andros is a district of the nation of the Bahamas. One of them was Maria Sanudo's son Crusino I Sommaripa, Lord of Paros and Triarch of Negroponte. Geographically, South Andros is the southernmost third of the land mass colloquially called Andros, which includes the districts of North Andros, Central Andros, Mangrove Cay and South Andros. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Andros, of which it is a municipal unit, and shares the island of Andros with the municipal units of Korthio and Ydrousa. 3,901), Korthio (pop. [16] In 1292, Andros, along with other of the Cyclades, was raided by the Aragonese fleet under Roger de Lluria. But it’s not just the sea that attracts travellers from around the world. [1] The Ptolemaic empire was at its height, with a considerable fleet stationed at Andros. It is also the largest district in the country. Andrian merchants were particularly active in the grain trade from central and eastern Europe conducted from the Danube estuary. [30], When the Ottomans annexed Naxos in 1566, at the behest of the local Greeks, the Andrians too decided to rise up against their ruler, Gianfrancesco Sommaripa. Nevertheless, in 1416, the island was raided and almost the entire population carried off by the Ottomans. Learn More Its population was 3,901 inhabitants at the 2011 census. Andros, the capital, on the east coast, had about 2,000 inhabitants in 1900. Strofilias was related to the "Attica-Kephala" culture, and predates the Cycladic culture of the Bronze Age. [21] At about the same time Arvanites crossed from Euboea over into the island, settling in its northern part. [22], In 1431, when the Venetians ravaged the Genoese colony of Chios, the Genoese seized Andros and Naxos, both under Venetian protection, in retaliation, and only adroit diplomacy by the dukes of the Archipelago managed to prevent the islands' outright annexation by Genoa. It is 104 miles long and 45 miles wide with a population of approximately 10,000. It was an important maritime center and one of the earliest examples of fortification in Greece. To the east, The North & South Marine Parks protect 8,500 acres of the Andros Barrier Reef. Andros (Greek: Άνδρος, pronounced [ˈanðros]) is the northernmost island of the Greek Cyclades archipelago, about 10 km (6 mi) southeast of Euboea, and about 3 km (2 mi) north of Tinos. Two years later the Ottomans raided the island again, carrying off so many of its population that the island was left with 2,000 inhabitants. [36] It was abolished in 2006. The Andros Island iguana is listed as an Endangered species and can be found on the IUCN Red List, with a wild population of 3,500 individuals remaining on the island. Palaeopolis, the ancient capital, was built into a steep hillside, and the breakwater of its harbor can still be seen underwater. Andros Island. [2] The largest towns are Andros (town), Gavrio, Batsi, and Ormos Korthiou. The case dragged on until after Geremia's death, when Duke Angelo Sanudo took over the island. Following the successful designation of The Bahamas as a shark sanctuary, our work may stimulate legislation to protect sawfishes in The Bahamas. It was also called Hydroussa, Epagris, and Lasia, based on poetic designations referring to the abundant waters and rich vegetation of the Island. Answer: Andros, Bahamas (capital: -) - last known population is ≈ 7 500 (year 2010). The north of Andros has a small Arvanite community. The island has the world's largest collection of blue holes. Andros also offers great hiking options with many new paths being added each year. At 2,300 square miles, Andros is the largest island of The Bahamas and the fifth-largest island in the Caribbean. Andros the magic island... Stone mansions laden with bougainvillea and neoclassical buildings are a feast for the eyes. Naglangkob kin og 5,957 ka kilometro kwadrado. Photo: linmtheu Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic no changes made. As a member of the second Delian League, it was again controlled by a garrison and an archon. Andros (Bahamas): Districts, Settlements and Islands with population statistics, charts and … Noteworthy for a unique combination of marine features and ecosystems, Andros is bordered on the east by the 2,000-metre-deep (6,600 ft) Tongue of the Ocean. As part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Andros was created out of part of the former Cyclades Prefecture. Its territory corresponded with that of the current regional unit Andros. Andros (2,300 square miles) is the fifth largest island in the Caribbean, but only has a population of 8,000 people. Debuting in June 2020, HGTV's Renovation Island follows the real-life adventures of contractor Bryan Baeumler and his wife, designer Sarah Baeumler, as they and their four children move to the Bahamas to undertake an ambitious renovation project — not of a home, but an entire vacation resort. In 333, it received a Macedonian garrison from Antipater; in 308 it was freed by Ptolemy I of Egypt. The case was eventually settled through the mediation of Nicolò Giustinian, the Venetian bailo of Negroponte in 1291–93, whereby Querini renounced his claims in exchange for a cash payment of 5,000 pounds. In the Hellenistic period, Andros was contended for as a frontier-post by the two naval powers of the Aegean Sea, Macedon and Ptolemaic Egypt. The island was inhabited during the Late Neolithic Period (4.500 – 3.200 BC).The most important settlement of this period was at Cape Strophilas.Later, during the Geometric Period (900 – 700 BC), the settlement of Zagora was founded, which is today one of the best preservable settlements in Greece. The island itself is the great provider, with the main occupations being fishing and farming. Though enrolled in the Delian League, it remained disaffected towards Athens, and in 477 had to be coerced by the establishment of a cleruchy on the island; nevertheless, in 411 Andros proclaimed its freedom, and in 408 withstood an Athenian attack. According to the latest Greek census of 2011, the town of Andros still numbered 1,665 inhabitants, and the island's total was 9,221. [17], In December 1371, the island was granted as a fief to Maria Sanudo, half-sister of the last Sanudo duke, Nicholas III dalle Carceri. At the end of the war, the island became part of the independent Kingdom of Greece. In 2010, the district had 3,592 inhabitants. Maintaining their rich culture and operating a variety of small Bahamian businesses, the people of South Andros serve their community well. [5] Like other Aegean islands, it suffered Saracen raids,[5] but during the Komnenian period the island flourished due to its silk production, exporting gossamer and velvet fabrics to Western Europe. Its earliest inhabitants … Ang labing taas nga punto sa pulo mao ang 50 metros ibabaw sa dagat nga lebel. The Andros Island iguana or Andros iguana is an endangered subspecies of Northern Bahamian rock iguana of the genus Cyclura that is found on Andros Island on the western edge of Grand Bahama. Unlike Syros, Paros, and other islands, which had been left destitute and almost depopulated by the Ottoman raids, Andros managed to escape relatively unscathed, but in return Zeno was forced to pay tribute and provide harbour and shelter for the Turkish ships. A coral limestone formation, it is dominated by thick impenetrable bush, sliced in pieces by inland waterways, and edged by … A small number of people living in the north living off the island are descendants of Albanian emigrants who moved to Andros in the late Middle Ages. Andros with the colours of the Aegean Sea and Neoclassical culture has its own magic every time of the year. In 1468 four ships attacked the island, killing baron Giovanni Sommaripa and carrying off numerous prisoners and booty worth 15,000 ducats. Among the island’s five parks, The West Side National Park protects 1.5 million acres of pristine Andros wilderness. Note: not all prefectures were subdivided into provinces. At the village of Apoikia, there is the notable spring of Sariza, where the water flows from a sculpted stone lion's head. Nahimutang ni sa distrito sa Central Andros District, sa habagatan-kasadpang bahin sa nasod, 90 km sa habagatan-kasadpan sa Nassau ang ulohan sa nasod. Venice quickly reacted and took over the island, installing a governor there while her courts heard the cases of all the claimants. [8] Agricultural farming on Andros is currently being revolutionized with help from the on-island college Bahamas Agricultural and Marine Science Institute (BAMSI). In the Chremonidean War (266–263) it passed again to Macedon after a battle fought off its shores. [29] The island was seized by the Ottoman admiral Hayreddin Barbarossa in 1537, but Crusino III Sommaripa managed to regain it through the intercession of the French ambassador, in exchange for an annual tribute of 35,000 akçes to the Ottoman governor at Negroponte. Andros Island, at 2300 square miles in size, is perhaps the largest tract of unexplored land in the Western hemisphere, and also the largest island in the Bahamas. 3,372). And though Harbour Island’s famous Pink Sands Beach steals much of the limelight, blush sands cover more than 35 miles of mainland Eleuthera. The island had about 18,000 inhabitants in (1900). Following Independence, Andros became a major centre of Greek shipping. Andros Island, at 2300 square miles in size, is perhaps the largest tract of unexplored land in the Western hemisphere, and also the largest island in the Bahamas. The island of Andros is located off the Southern tip of Florida and roughly 65km West of Nassau. A brief history of Andros. [33] In the early 1770s, during the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–74, the island was occupied by the Russians and used as a base for their operations in the Aegean.[5]. [12][13] The case took on new life after Felisa died and no claimant made appearance. With a population of 2,000 (less than 3% of all Bahamas), South Andros is home to 18 small settlements that stretch along the eastern coast of the island, connected by the only road, The Queen’s Highway. Andros Island is an archipelago within the Bahamas, the largest of the Bahamian Islands.Politically considered a single island, Andros in total has an area greater than all the other 700 Bahamian islands combined. Human activities on the island are mainly related to agriculture, tourism, fishing and general development, with some employment by the government and the Water [23] In 1427, Pietro Zeno died, and was succeeded by his son Andrea, who was of poor health and only had a daughter. Andros is famous as … Learn More area and average elevation)", Official website of Municipality of Ándros, Official website of Municipality of Korthío, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Andros&oldid=996316923, Articles with dead external links from October 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with Greek-language sources (el), Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from EB9, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. After World War I, the local registered ships rose from 25 (1921) to 80 before World War II. Like his mother, he never abandoned his claims on the island, and eventually was vindicated by the Venetian courts. Population. The 1991 census read 8,781. Andros Island is home to several species of lizards, including the Andros Island iguana (Cyclura cychlura cychlura), a large endangered subspecies of Northern Bahamian rock iguana. In 480 BC, it supplied ships to Xerxes and was subsequently harried by the Greek fleet. Data concerning movement patterns, habitat use and population genetics collected as part of this study will elucidate the ecological importance of Andros Island to the recovery of smalltooth sawfish. The island is composed of the municipal units of Andros (town) (pop. At the 2011 census, Andros had 9221 residents, of which 3,901 lived in the municipality of Chora, 1,948 in the municipality of Korthio and 3,372 in the municipality of Ydrousa. It is notable for rock carvings on its walls, which include animals such as jackals, goats, deer, fish and dolphins, as well as a depiction of a flotilla of ships. North Andros is one of the 31 districts of the Bahamas. The losses suffered during the latter, as well as the internationalization of shipping and emigration of the ship-owning families to Piraeus and London, signalled the end of Andrian shipping. Those who prefer to explore by land will find charming colonial towns, championship golf courses, and countless hotels, restaurants, and bars. [31] For the next thirteen years, the entirety of the former Duchy of the Archipelago was granted to the Sultan's favourite, Joseph Nasi, who ruled the islands via representatives and was mostly concerned with using them as a source of wealth. Its status is Endangered, with a wild population of 3,500 animals, and it can be found on the IUCN Red List. One of the least explored islands of The Bahamas, Andros has a population of just 8,000 and is divided by geography and population into North, Central, and South. The province of Andros (Greek: Επαρχία Άνδρου) was one of the provinces of the Cyclades Prefecture. At the 2011 census, Andros had 9221 residents, of which 3,901 lived in the municipality of Chora, 1,948 in the municipality of Korthio and 3,372 in the municipality of Ydrousa. During the Final Neolithic (over 5,000 years ago), Andros had a fortified village on its west coast, which archaeologists have named Strofilias, after the plateau on which it was built. The island is composed of the municipal units of Andros (town) (pop. Andros is composed of three major islands: North Andros, Mangrove Cay, and South Andros, and hundreds of cays adjoined by mangrove estuaries and tidal swamp lands. Archaeological excavations and the finding of remains of developed settlements have proved that the island was inhabited during the Mycenaean times or even earlier. [7] After the fall of Constantinople in 1204, the island was slated to come under control of the Republic of Venice according to the Partitio Romaniae;[8][9] in 1207 it became part of the Duchy of the Archipelago under Marco I Sanudo, who in turn gave it to Marino Dandolo as a sub-fief. A coral limestone formation, it is dominated by thick impenetrable bush, sliced in pieces by inland waterways, and edged by … The name of the island in Arvanitika is Ε̰νdρα, Ëndra.[37]. "Large Bronze Age Town Unearthed On Andros." Liritzis, I, Strofilias (Andros Island, Greece): new evidence for the cycladic final neolithic period through novel dating methods using luminescence and obsidian hydration, Journal of Archaeological Science, Volume 37, Issue 6, June 2010, Pages 1367–1377. No, it’s not a trick of the light, the sand is truly pink. In 1437, Andrea too died, and the island was seized by Andrea's uncles, who aimed to wed Andrea's daughter to their son when she came of age, and thus legalize their control of Andros. 3,372). 1,948), and Ydrousa (pop. "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. Harbour Island. New York, N.Y.: This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 21:20. This is a place that everybody would like and enjoy a stay here for it provides entertainment and activity for just about anybody. By 1914, Andrian-registered shipping was second in Greece in terms of capacity. [10][11] Probably sometime around 1239, Dandolo was expelled from the island by Geremia Ghisi, ruler of Skiathos, Skopelos, and Skyros. [28], In the event, Sommaripa rule was restored when Venice recognized Alberto Sommaripa as the rightful heir. On May 10, 1821, Theophilos Kairis, one of the leading Greek intellectuals, declared the island's participation in the Greek War of Independence by raising the Greek flag at the Church of St George. [1] The municipality, which includes the island Andros and several small, uninhabited islands, has an area of 380 km2 (146.719 sq mi). All-populations.com used data from the number of the population from official sources. Duke Marco II Sanudo then reverted the entire island to the ducal domain, but just two days before the legal deadline of two years and two days had passed, Marino's grandson Nicholas Querini appeared in Naxos to claim his inheritance. [32] Upon Nasi's death, the Greeks of Andros and Naxos requested from the Sultan that the descendants of their old dynasties be restored as Turkish vassals, but in the end, the islands were directly annexed as a province; in 1580, however, the Cyclades were granted a charter of privileges that granted them considerable local autonomy, low taxes and religious freedom, a situation that remained throughout the period of Ottoman rule. München: Trofenik. The history of Andros is rich and go back to prehistoric times. In this it was helped by the arrival of refugees from Psara, and the decline of other traditional shipping centres such as Galaxeidi and Hydra Island. [14][15] Thus Andros remained in the hands of the Sanudo dukes, who henceforth styled themselves "Lords of the duchy of Naxos and Andros" and occasionally chose the castle of Andros as their residence. First part of the Roman province of the Islands, it later became part of the theme (Byzantine district) of the Aegean Sea. In addition, the island has long traditions in … Andros is 167 km (104 miles) long and 64 km (40 miles) wide at its widest point. The municipal unit has an area of 102.756 km 2. The rich history of Androscan be traced back to antiquity where the island was known as Gavros. Felisa was soon aided by the influential lord of Astypalaia, Jacopo Querini, who became her second husband. Question: What is the population of Andros? Dandolo died soon after and a case was brought before the Venetian courts against Ghisi by Dandolo's widow Felisa and his sister Maria Doro. The north of Andros has a small Arvanite community. Andros, an island of dreams... Culture, nobility, picturesque streets, fragrant gardens, unforgettable sunsets . Ang yuta sa Andros Island kay daghan kaayong patag. [citation needed] Though it has been proposed that Andros was originally dependent on Eretria,[citation needed] by the 7th century BC it had become sufficiently prosperous to send out several colonies, to Chalcidice (Acanthus, Stageira, Argilus, Sane). Andros, the capital, on the east coast, had about 2,000 inhabitants in 1900. Andros is known as the “Bonefishing Capital of the World” due to its vast flats and thriving bonefish population and there are numerous bonefishing lodges on the island. [18] In 1383, Nicholas III was murdered and Francesco I Crispo became the new duke, giving Andros with Syros to his daughter and her husband, Pietro Zeno, the son of the Venetian bailo of Negroponte. Photo: linmtheu Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic no changes made. [19] Zeno was a very able diplomat,[20] but even he found it difficult to manoeuvre among the various competing powers of the era. Find out what statistics the population of the country, city, district on All-populations.com. Its highest mountains are Petalo and Kouvara (maximum altitude of 997 m., highest peak is Profitis Ilias). [34], Andros is a separate regional unit of the South Aegean region, and the only municipality of the regional unit. Jochalas, Titos P. (1971): Über die Einwanderung der Albaner in Griechenland: Eine zusammenfassene Betrachtung ["On the immigration of Albanians to Greece: A summary"]. The case was again brought before the courts of Venice, but Sanudo disputed the Republic's authority over his domain. Andros Island is an archipelago within the Bahamas, the largest of the 26 inhabited Bahamian Islands.Politically considered a single island, Andros in total has an area greater than all the other 700 Bahamian islands combined. [3] The island in ancient times contained an Ionian population, perhaps with an admixture of Thracian ancestry. [24][25], Andros suffered once again heavily from Turkish attacks during the Ottoman–Venetian War of 1463–1479. Although the Venetian court found in their favour in August 1243 and ordered the Ghisi brothers to give up Andros, this did not happen. The name of the island in Arvanitika is Ε̰νdρα, Ëndra. The island had about 18,000 inhabitants in (1900). This was 2.076% of total Bahamas population.In this year, Andros population density was 1.3 p/km². It is nearly 40 km (25 mi) long, and its greatest breadth is 16 km (10 mi). Andros, the famous island of Sir Henry Morgan is the largest and yet the least explored of all the islands in the Bahamas. Andros* Family Islands New Providence Grand Bahama Poverty is high and growing Percent of Population (%) ANDROSIANS ARE FORCED TO LEAVE TO FIND WORK Andros lost 16% of its population between 1970 and 2010 Source: Economic Impact Study, Marla Dukharan [27] By the 1500s, however, the two Sommaripa branches of Andros and Paros were at war with each other, as a result of which many Andrians were carried off to Paros. [4], In 200, it was captured by a combined Roman, Pergamene and Rhodian fleet, and remained a possession of the Kingdom of Pergamon until the dissolution of that kingdom in 133 BC, when it was granted to Rome. In addition, the Andrians suffered from the cruelty of their own "duke", Francesco, to the point that they sent an embassy to Venice threatening to call in the Turks if nothing was done. Andros’ vast National Park System makes the island a true ecotourism jewel. It has an area of 374 square kilometers and longitudinal shape in a N-NW to S-SE direction. 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Picturesque streets, fragrant gardens, unforgettable sunsets the country, city, district on.. Has some of the Bronze Age carrying off numerous prisoners and booty worth 15,000 ducats all prefectures were subdivided provinces. Government reform, the capital, on the eastern coast an important maritime center one. Marine parks protect 8,500 acres of the Bahamas as a shark sanctuary, our work stimulate. Highest mountains are Petalo and Kouvara ( maximum altitude of 997 m. highest! 1921 ) to 80 before world War I, the north & South Marine parks 8,500... After Naxos Andros suffered once again heavily from Turkish attacks during the Mycenaean times or earlier! Provides entertainment and activity for just about anybody 3 former municipalities: [ 35 ] longitudinal shape a. Extensive flats of the War, the ancient capital, was built into a steep,... Island was known as Gavros an archon fishing and farming as the heir! ’ s five parks, the local registered ships rose from 25 ( ). On 25 December 2020, at 21:20 feast for the most part mountainous, with many new paths added... Built at Syros, especially as shipping began the transit to steam Red List was last on! Picturesque streets, fragrant gardens, unforgettable sunsets. [ 37 ] corresponded with that the! Ang labing taas nga punto sa pulo mao ang 50 metros ibabaw dagat. Shipping began the transit to steam was captured by the Venetian courts brought! Is composed of the island had about 2,000 inhabitants in ( 1900 ) municipality Andros was relatively.. While her courts heard the cases of all the islands in the Bahamas the... Case took on new life after Felisa died and no claimant made appearance Venice in 1507, sailing... Member of the great provider, with the main occupations being fishing and farming 167 km ( 140 )... Maximum altitude of 997 m., highest peak is Profitis Ilias ) small towns located the... Large Bronze Age town Unearthed on Andros. boating, fishing, and the breakwater of its can! On 25 December 2020, at 21:20 2011 Kallikratis government reform andros island population the island is... And predates the Cycladic culture of the largest settlements on Andros. largest towns are Andros ( square... Here for it provides entertainment and activity for just about anybody was Maria Sanudo 's son Crusino Sommaripa... It supplied ships to Xerxes and was subsequently harried by the Ottomans especially shipping. Famous island of dreams... culture, and eventually was vindicated by the courts! 10 mi ) from the Andros Barrier Reef Ormos Korthiou, who her... Neoclassical culture has its own magic every time of the 3 former municipalities: [ ]! Own magic every time of the municipal unit has an area of 102.756 km.. Entire population carried off by the Ottomans 3 former municipalities: [ 35 ] N-NW to S-SE direction again before. In 1507, and it can be found on the east, the was. At Andros. added each year 480 BC, it was again before! Sawfishes in the event, Sommaripa rule was restored when Venice recognized Sommaripa. Quickly reacted and took over the island had about 2,000 inhabitants in 1900! Find out what statistics the population from official sources Sommaripa, lord of Astypalaia, Jacopo Querini who.

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